Wann kommt bei Simple Present "do" und wann "am is are" Simple Present/Present Progressive?

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2 Antworten

Hallo,

In der Frage tauschen das Subjekt und das Prädikat (Verb) den Platz.

- Aussagesatz: He (Subjekt) is (Prädikat) a boy (Objekt).

- Frage: Is (Prädikat) he (Subjekt) a boy (Objekt)?

Bei Vollverben wird in der Frage im Present Simple mit do umschrieben (also wandert do/does vor das Subjekt). Bei Hilfs- und Modalverben nicht!

- He lives in Munich.

- Does he live in Munich?

aber:

- He can dance.

- Can he dance?

- She is German.

- Is she German?

Enthält die Frage ein Fragewort, steht dieses am Anfang (noch vor dem Verb).

- He is in the garden.

- Where is he? kein do/does weil be (am, are, is) ein Hilfsverb ist.

- He lives in Munich.

- Where does he live?

Achtung: Bei Fragen nach dem Subjekt wird nicht mit do umschrieben!

- John goes to school.

- Who goes to school?

-

be = Infinitive (Grundform) = sein

Simple Present:

1.Person Singular - I am beautiful. / I am not beautiful. / am I beautiful?

2.Person Singular - you are beautiful. / you are not beautiful. / are you beautiful?

3.Person Singular - he/she/it is beautiful  / he/she/it is not beautiful / is he/she/it
beautiful?

1.Person Plural - we are beautiful / we are not beautiful / are we beautiful?

2.Person Plural - you are beautiful. / you are not beautiful. / are you beautiful?

3.Person Plural - they are beautiful / they are not beautiful / are they beautiful?

Das Present Progressive/Continuous wird gebildet:

- mit einer Present Form von to be (= am, is, are) + Verb mit der Endung ing

Beispiele: I am dancing. You are singing. He/She/It is sleeping. We are eating. You are working. They are waiting for the bus.

I am singing. / I am not singing. / Am I singing?

You are singing. / you are not singing. / Are you singing?

He/She/It is singing. / he/she/it is not singing. / Is he/she/it singing?

We are singing. / we are not singing. / Are we singing?

You are singing. / you are not singing. / Are you singing?

They are singing. / they are not singing. / Are they singing?

AstridDerPu

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Im Simple Present stellst du Fragen mit "do/does" (außer man fragt nach dem Subjekt):

Where do you go every day? / What do you like?
Where do Tom and Mike go? = Where do they go?

Where does Tom go? = Where does he go?

(Frage nach dem Subjekt: Who comes from London? / What happens?)

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Beim Verb "sein" (= to be) gibt es keine Umschreibung mit "do/does".
Es wird bei der Frage einfach umgestellt wie im Deutschen:

Are you from London?
Is Mrs Brown from London?
Are Mr and Mrs Brown from London?

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Dass die Verlaufsform mit "to be" (also einer Form von "sein") + VERB-ing gebildet wird, hast du ja schon gelernt.

Where are you working this week? > I'm working at reception.

What is Tom doing at the moment? > He's washing his car.

etc.

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