Relative clauses: which oder that?

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"which" steht für Dinge oder Tiere

"who" steht für Personen (Menschen)

"that" kannst du für beides nehmen
Allerdings ist es häufig nicht die schönste Formulierung, also benutze es nicht zu oft.

If the sentence doesn’t need the clause that the word in question is connecting, use which. If it does, use that. (Pretty easy to remember, isn’t it?) Let me explain with a couple of examples.

Our office, which has two lunchrooms, is located in Cincinnati.
Our office that has two lunchrooms is located in Cincinnati.

These sentences are not the same. The first sentence tells us that you have just one office, and it’s located in Cincinnati. The clause which has two lunchrooms gives us additional information, but it doesn’t change the meaning of the sentence. Remove the clause and the location of our one office would still be clear: Our office is located in Cincinnati.

The second sentence suggests that we have multiple offices, but the office with two lunchrooms is located in Cincinnati. The phrase that has two lunchrooms is known as a restrictive clause because another part of the sentence (our office) depends on it. You can’t remove that clause without changing the meaning of the sentence.

That ist nur fuer Objekte, nie fuer Personen.

Which kann fuer beides sein.

genau andersherum


Hä? That kann man für beides benutzen!


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