California: “Golden state” is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state and the third most extensive (after Alaska and Texas).The area is 423.970 km² large and the population surrounds 38.100.000 people.
It is home to eight of the nation's most populated cities (Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach and Oakland). The capital city is Sacramento. In California, there are 58 countries.
California's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west, to the Sierra Nevada mountains in the east—from the Redwood–Douglas-fir forests of the northwest, to the Mojave Desert areas in the southeast.
California contains both the highest and lowest points in the United States (Mount Whitney and Death Valley), and has the third-longest coastline of all states (after Alaska and Florida). There are also many nature-parks and beaches.
In California there are the spoken languages English and Spanish.
The Bear Flag is the official flag of the state of California. The history of the flag began during the 1846 Bear Flag Revolt and was also known as the Bear Flag. The flag is official since 1911.
In the middle of the flag, there is a bear and in the left, there is a star. It’s a sign for freedom.
The first European explorers who came to the coast as far north as the Russian River was the Portuguese Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542, he was sailing for the Spanish Empire. 37 years later the English explorer Francis Drake also explored and concurred a portion of the California coast in 1579.
But for the Indians, who lived there before, was the concurred of Cabrillo not good, because most of them died because of the pox.
• 1535 – Hernando Cortez was on a expedition to La Paz and found a small colony there. It fails after a couple of years and the settlers return to the mainland.
1542 - The Portuguese-born sailor, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, became the first European to explore California, landing at San Diego on September 28. He went on to discover the Catalina Islands, the sites of San Pedro and Santa Monica and the Santa Barbara Channel Islands.
• 1579 - Sir Francis Drake landed north of San Francisco Bay and pronounced the territory as an English territory.
In January 1848, James Wilson Marshall discovered gold while constructing a saw mill along the American River northeast of present-day Sacramento. The discovery was reported in the San Francisco newspapers in March. Some people published this discovery. So everybody wants’ to be rich and try to search gold. But not very much people were lucky in finding gold.
--the first one is the 1.7-mile long Golden Gate Bridge where you can get a panoramic view of the bay and Alcatraz Island. It was build in 1937 and when it was build, it costs 35million dollars. It is the longest and highest suspension bridge in the world.
----the second things, are the famous national parks in California. For exam