Englisch Grammar - The passive Voice?

2 Antworten

Hallo,

das Passiv erkennst du wie folgt:

- die Zeit enthält immer eine Form von be und das Past Participle (3. Verbform)

- der Passiv-Satz enthält oft (aber nicht immer) das Wort by

- Das Passiv nennt man im Deutschen auch Leideform, weil das Subjekt etwas 'erleidet', etwas mit dem Subjekt gemacht/getan wird.

- Im Aktiv-Satz dagegen tut/macht das Subjekt aktiv etwas.

Wenn es "nur" darum geht, einen Aktivsatz in einen Passivsatz umzuformen. Wird die Zeit beibehalten.

Ansonsten gelten für die

Für die Anwendung der Zeiten im Passiv gelten dieselben Regeln und Signalwörter wie im Aktiv.

- Das Passiv funktioniert im Englischen genau wie im Deutschen.

- Im Passiv wird das Subjekt (Wer/Was?) des Aktivsatzes zum Objekt des Passivsatzes und das Objekt (Wen/Was/Wem?) des Aktivsatzes zum Subjekt des Passivsatzes.

Das Passiv wird gebildet mit einer

Form von to be + Past Participle

(bei regelmäßigen Verben: Verb mit –ed; bei unregelmäßigen Verben: 3. Spalte)

Hier Beispiele zu den verschiedenen Zeitformen:

Present simple:

Aktiv: Sie bauen jedes Jahr ein Haus. They (subject) build a house (object) every year.

Passiv: Ein Haus wird jedes Jahr von ihnen gebaut. A house (subject) is built by them (object) every year.

Present Progressive:

A: They are building a house at the moment. P: A house is being built by them at the moment.

Past Simple:

A: They built a house last year. P: A house was built by them last year.

Past Progressive:

A: They were building a house while ... P: A house was being built by them while...

Present Perfect:

A: They have not built a house yet. P: A house has not been built by them yet.

Past Perfect:

A: They moved to Berlin after they had built a house. P: They moved to Berlin after a house had been built by them.

Will-Future:

A: They will build a house next year. P: A house will be built by them next year.

Going to-Future:

A: They are going to build a house next year. P: A house is going to be built by them next year.

Conditional:

A: They would build a house, if... P: A house would be built by them, if...

Nach den Modal/Hilfsverben

must, shall, should, have to, ought to, mustn't, can, can't, will, would, may, might ...

wird das Passive Infinitive verwendet.

Achtung: mit Modal Verben benutzt man den Infinitive ohne to (Ausnahmen: ought to, have to)

Beispiele:

A: We can help her. P: She can be helped by us.

A: You must do your homework. P: Your homework must be done.

A: He may invite us. P: We may be invited by him.

A: Someone ought to help her. P: She ought to be helped.

Das Passiv wird verwendet:

- um hervorzuheben (emphasize):

Wenn der Handelnde (doer) wichtig ist, benutzen wir das by-Objekt.

The washing-up is always done by Dad.

The window was broken by Tom. (not by me!)

- für Zusatzinformationen (further information):

The clothes are made by hand.

This bird can be seen only in the South of Africa.

Das by-Objekt wird nicht benutzt

- wenn der Handelnde nicht wichtig ist oder

- nicht bekannt ist (Subjekt = Somebody, People, Nobody, They …).

Many school things were stolen.

Bikes are stolen nearly daily.

Cigarettes are smoked all over the world.

They speak English all over the world. - English is spoken all over the world.

Somebody helped her. - She was helped.

Präpositionen nicht vergessen!

They looked for the baby. - The baby was looked for.

People shouted at the man. - The man was shouted at.

Nobody slept in this bed last night. - This bed wasn’t slept in last night.

Enthält der Aktivsatz 2 Objekte, kann man 2 Passivsätze bilden:

My husband gave me (1.Objekt) a wonderful ring (2.Objekt).

I was given a wonderful ring by my husband.

A wonderful ring was given to me by my husband.

Achtung! Der 3. Fall wird mit to angehängt.

Grandmother always tells us (1.Objekt) funny stories (2.Objekt).

We are always told funny stories by grandmother.

Funny stories are always told to us by grandmother.

The postman brought me (1.Objekt) a heavy parcel (2.Objekt).

I was brought a heavy parcel.

A heavy parcel was brought to me.

Verben mit zwei Objekten sind: allow, ask, bring, give, make, offer, order, pay, promise, send, show, teach, tell, write

Die Grammatik und Übungen zum Passiv findest du auch im Internet, u.a. bei ego4u.de und bei englisch-hilfen.de.

:-) AstridDerPu

https://youtube.com/watch?v=Im78U76r3NE

https://youtube.com/watch?v=Im78U76r3NE

Eine Seite, die dir solche Sätze korrigiert, wirst du nicht finden. Also muss ich das wohl machen, bevor ich ins Bett gehe. :-))

(simple present passive form) a. How is your name spellt? b. His travel expenses are not paid by his company. c. This programme is watched by milions of people. d. Paper is made from wood. e. The biology class is taught by Mr. Green f. English is spoken all over the world. g. Lunch is served at twelve o'clock. h. London is visited by thousands of tourists every year. i. Hundreds of people are killed in accidents every year. j. Books are written by authors.

(simple past passive form) a. My car was repaired last week. b. This song wasn't written by John Lennon. c. Was the phone answered by a young girl? d. The film was made ten years ago. e. When was tennis invented? f. The car wasn't damaged in the accident. g. The original building was pulled down in 1965 h. Where was this pot made? i. When was this bridge built?

Two men were seen breaking into a house in my street last night. The police was called and they arrived very quickly. One man was caught immediately. The other escaped, but he was found very soon. Both men were taken to the police station where they were questioned separately by a police officer. The two men were charged with burglary.

Rewrite these sentences in the passicve voice. a. Someone built this house 200 years ago. -This house was built 200 years ago. b. A thief stole my purse. -My purse was stolen (by a thief) c. The police will arrest the robbers. -The robbers will be arrested by the police. d. They produce cars in this factory -Cars are produced in this factory. e. They serve breakfast at eight o'clock every day. -Breakfast is served at eight o'clock every day.
f. People throw away tons of rubbish every day. - Tons of rubbish are thrown away every day.

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Die meisten Fehler hast du im letzten Abschnitt.
Bei der Umformulierung von Aktivsätzen in Passivsätze musst du folgendes beachten:
1. Die Form des Verbs "be" muss immer in derselben Zeit stehen, wie die Verbform des Aktivsatzes.
2. Nach der Form von "be" verwendest du das Hauptverb als "past participle" (dritte Form des Verbs)
3. Wenn der "Akteur" unwichtig oder unklar ist, lässt man ihn besser weg.
"by-agents" wie "by someone" / "by them" / "by people" sollte man also weglassen. Sie sind ja nicht aussagekräftig. Auch "by a thief" könntest du weglassen. (Wer sonst sollte etwas stehlen?) Auch "by the police" könnte wegfallen.

 

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