National Railway Museum in York
The National Railway Museum of York offers an insight into the railroad history of this pioneering country. As railway technology has been developed in Great Britain, this collection is of great importance.
It's an unique adventure for the whole family to visit it, because it has the largest collection of railway objects in the world and attracts over 75 0,000 visitors per year. The entry is free. The museum receives per visitor 6,50 pound from the ministry of Culture, Media and Sport.
Now I tell you a few history dates and after that a little overview of the exhibits (Ausstellungsstücke).
Since the 19th century there have been attempts in the UK to create a national railroad museum. The first step was the Sciene Museum in London which started its collection of railway artefacts by acquring Rocket in 1862. Another development step goes back to the North Eastern Railway Company which collected material of railway since 1880. Subsequently, it became the basis of the first railway Museum in York which operated by the London and North Eastern Railway. At this time many several things about railway were already collected by other railway companies. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, opened the new national museum in 1975.
The exhibition is located in an area of 8 hectare in 3 big halls and an outdoor area. It is a former railway station. Since 1996 the museum has at the outdoor area a garden railroad.
Moreover, the museum has an outsorcer in Shildon, County Durham under the name locomotion. A part of the collection will be exhibit in the new hall in Shildon.
In the exhibition are 300 years of fascinating history and you can explore the giant halls full of trains and railway legends. The national museum includes over 300 locomotives and rolling stock, 628 coins and medals, 4899 pieces of railway uniform and costume, railway equipment, documents, records, artwork and railway related photographs.
Great attractions are the majestic Durchess of Hamilton or the futuristic, Japanese Bullet Train which is the largest locomotive in the National Railway Museum.
The focus of the museum lies on the steam train – the antecessor of the modern train. Therefore, the museum offers a special feature: a turntable, where you can have a look about the working of a steam train. Furthermore, it's very interesting to see the exclusive wagons of the different Royal Trains. All exhibits are in a very good condition. A few of them you can marvel inside.
A very special train is the reproduction of Stephenson's Rocket, the Mallard, which sets the speed record of the steam trains. You can see the record drive on a simulator here in the museum. Another important trains are the first E-Loks by Sir Nigel Gresley or the Flying Scotsman.
The museum has won more than 20 awards since 1975 and has won the White Rose Awards for tourism more times than any other Yorkshire attraction.