"Bei den ... wurde ... gefunden" ins Englische übersetzen?

6 Antworten

Hallo,

wurden gefunden ist Passive.

Das Passiv erkennst du wie folgt:

- die Zeit enthält immer eine Form von be und das Past Participle (3. Verbform) 

- der Passiv-Satz enthält oft (aber nicht immer) das Wort by 

- Das Passiv nennt man im Deutschen auch Leideform, weil das Subjekt etwas 'erleidet', etwas mit dem Subjekt gemacht/getan wird. 

- Im Aktiv-Satz dagegen tut/macht das Subjekt aktiv etwas

Für die Anwendung der Zeiten im Passiv gelten dieselben Regeln und Signalwörter wie im Aktiv. 

- Das Passiv funktioniert im Englischen genau wie im Deutschen

- Im Passiv wird das Subjekt (Wer/Was?) des Aktivsatzes zum Objekt des Passivsatzes und das Objekt (Wen/Was/Wem?) des Aktivsatzes zum Subjekt des Passivsatzes

Das Passiv wird gebildet mit einer 

Form von to be + Past Participle 

(bei regelmäßigen Verben: Verb mit –ed; bei unregelmäßigen Verben: 3. Spalte

Hier Beispiele zu den verschiedenen Zeitformen: 

Present simple

Aktiv: Sie bauen jedes Jahr ein Haus. They (subject) build a house (object) every year. 

Passiv: Ein Haus wird jedes Jahr von ihnen gebaut. A house (subject) is built by them (object) every year. 

Present Progressive

A: They are building a house at the moment. P: A house is being built by them at the moment. 

Past Simple

A: They built a house last year. P: A house was built by them last year. 

Past Progressive

A: They were building a house while ... P: A house was being built by them while... 

Present Perfect: 

A: They have not built a house yet. P: A house has not been built by them yet. 

Past Perfect

A: They moved to Berlin after they had built a house. P: They moved to Berlin after a house had been built by them. 

Will-Future

A: They will build a house next year. P: A house will be built by them next year. 

Going to-Future

A: They are going to build a house next year. P: A house is going to be built by them next year. 

Conditional

A: They would build a house, if... P: A house would be built by them, if... 

Nach den Modal/Hilfsverben 

must, shall, should, have to, ought to, mustn't, can, can't, will, would, may, might ... 

wird das Passive Infinitive verwendet. 

Achtung: mit Modal Verben benutzt man den Infinitive ohne to (Ausnahmen: ought to, have to) 

Beispiele

A: We can help her. P: She can be helped by us. 

A: You must do your homework. P: Your homework must be done

A: He may invite us. P: We may be invited by him. 

A: Someone ought to help her. P: She ought to be helped

Das Passiv wird verwendet

 - um hervorzuheben (emphasize): 

Wenn der Handelnde (doer) wichtig ist, benutzen wir das by-Objekt

The washing-up is always done by Dad

The window was broken by Tom. (not by me!) 

 - für Zusatzinformationen (further information): 

The clothes are made by hand

This bird can be seen only in the South of Africa

Das by-Objekt wird nicht benutzt 

 - wenn der Handelnde nicht wichtig ist oder 

 - nicht bekannt ist (Subjekt = Somebody, People, Nobody, They …). 

Many school things were stolen

Bikes are stolen nearly daily. 

Cigarettes are smoked all over the world. 

They speak English all over the world. - English is spoken all over the world. 

Somebody helped her. - She was helped

Präpositionen nicht vergessen! 

They looked for the baby. - The baby was looked for

People shouted at the man. - The man was shouted at

Nobody slept in this bed last night. - This bed wasn’t slept in last night. 

Enthält der Aktivsatz 2 Objekte, kann man 2 Passivsätze bilden: 

My husband gave me (1.Objekt) a wonderful ring (2.Objekt). 

I was given a wonderful ring by my husband. 

A wonderful ring was given to me by my husband. 

Achtung! Der 3. Fall wird mit to angehängt

Grandmother always tells us (1.Objekt) funny stories (2.Objekt). 

We are always told funny stories by grandmother. 

Funny stories are always told to us by grandmother. 

The postman brought me (1.Objekt) a heavy parcel (2.Objekt). 

I was brought a heavy parcel. 

A heavy parcel was brought to me. 

Verben mit zwei Objekten sind: allow, ask, bring, give, make, offer, order, pay, promise, send, show, teach, tell, write 

Die Grammatik und Übungen zum Passiv findest du auch im Internet, u.a. bei ego4u.de und bei englisch-hilfen.de

:-) AstridDerPu

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Im78U76r3NE

 

33

Bisschen überfordernd das ganze ^^

2

The eukaryotes which had been substantiated in the sample were radiolarians, foraminifera and dinoflagellates.

Die Eukaryonten, die in der Probe nachgewiesen wurden, waren Radiolaria, Froraminifera und Dinoflagellata.

Ist es das, was du sagen willst?

Among könnte man sagen "darunter/ dazwischen". Oder "Eukaryotes were found in the same sample/ etc. (kommt darauf an, wo) as the radiolarians etc.".

33

Aber das drückt ja nicht das aus, was ich sagen möchte.

0

Bitte Englisch Referat überprüfen

Hello, today I want to tell you something about the Civil War and the racial discrimination in the USA. There are a few things you have to know to understand how the Civil war could break off. The USA was divided into a northern and a southern part. The northern group of states was high industrialized. The people earned their money in the industry, the bank system was good and they were linked in international trade. The south states were a poor region with a lot of agriculture. The people earned their money with cotton, rice, sugar and corn plantation. In this area, slavery was all-round and it was normal for the population. Another point was, that there were about 21 Million habitants in the north and just 9 million in the south, so the political participation was very difficult for the south states, because they were to less people. In 1860 President Lincoln was elected president without winning a single southern state. Because their political influence was no longer important, the southern states separated from the northern states and voted their own parliament. Because the industrialized north really needed the agricultural products from the south, they declared the war. The northern states said, they attack the south, because they want to free the slaves, but the real reason was, that they want to get their power over the southern states back. This Civil war was cold the first modern war. The army fought with distant because they had impressive rapid-fire weapons. They fought with artillery instead of cavalry. About 600.000 soldiers died in this war. After 4 years won the north against the south and the new government gave former slaves the same rights that white citizens had. This happened for about 50years but there are still acts of racial discrimination in the USA. The biggest reason for this discrimination is the high unemployment rate of the black citizens in the USA. This unemployment make the Blacks to accept low paid jobs which makes this people to the sub layer against. There are a lot of aliens who hadn’t any job. Because they are poor, frustrated and full of pain and aggressive feelings, they commit stealing ore beat people on the street. This makes a lot of white, better educated, people feel scary of this people and this leads to the racial discrimination that you can see in the USA today.

...zur Frage

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