Frage von eisteemongo, 13

Wasser ausschütten nach dem Tod?

Hallo, ich mache morgen ein Referat über das Judentum und habe gelesen, dass die Verwandten(?) sobald jemand gestorben ist alles stehende Wasser im Haus ausschütten. Sind damit auch Sachen wie Wasserflaschen gemeint oder nur Vasen etc? Ich hoffe jemand kann mir helfen. Danke schonmal :)

Antwort
von Accountowner08, 13

Ich habe dazu Folgendes gefunden:

http://www.jewishmourningguide.com/after-death/first-things-after-death-detaile/

Throwing out Water: Water that is found in any utensil in the building when the death occurred should be spilled out [3], unless it was brought in after the death occurred. This means drawn water. For example, if you had a cup of water present in the building at the time of the death you would throw that water out. Spilling the water out also applies to the two buildings nearest to the building in which the person died [4] unless a public road or street intervenes the buildings. Seltzer, Soda, Soup, Tea etc. do not need to be spilled out. If the body is moved to another building, you don’t need to spill out water in that building. We do not pour out this water on Shabbos or on Yom Tov. There are 2 reasons for throwing out the water: (1) the angel of death drops a drop of “blood of death” into the water (2) people should realize that someone died and will therefore act appropriately.[5]

Kommentar von Accountowner08 ,

und hier:

http://www.jewish-funerals.org/handbook-hevra-kadisha-members

Pour out all standing water (in basins), except on Shabbat: (The mystical connection is that the Angel of Death whets his knife on water, and a drop of blood falls in. Also pouring out the water is a way of informing people that someone has died, so that neighbours can come and perform acts of gemilut-hasadim. This avoids a direct verbal announcement.'It is a custom to pour out all drawn water (contained in vessels) in the neighbourhood (in the three houses including the one in which the dead lives) of the corpse" (Yoreh Deah 339.5). Explanations of this practice range from the crude suggestion that the Angel of Death cleans his knife in water to the metaphorical concept of the pouring out of the soul before God. The custom has also been ascribed to the primitive practice of providing food for the departed spirit, and to the superstitious belief that thus the spirit can be saved from drowning. But there are more rational interpretations.It is suggested that the practice was a means of announcing a death, since Jews have always been reluctant to be the bearers of evil tidings. Hence the pouring away of the water also served to remind the neighbours of their duty to the deceased and to the mourners. Again water stands for life and fertility. Compare the passage in the Book of Psalms, "I am poured out like water," (22:15), meaning that life is drawing to an end. Thus the pouring out of water symbolizes the extinction of life. Some scholars claim that this custom goes back to biblical times and is support of this theory quote: "And Miriam died there and was buried. And there was no water for the congregation." (Numbers 22: 1-2) (Rabinowitz, 1919, Jewish Chronicle Publications, London, pp33-34).In the hospital one does not spill out the water so as not to depress other sick people in the hospital.

Kommentar von Accountowner08 ,

und hier: 

http://www.mazornet.com/deathandmourning/OrthodoxFinal.html

Pouring Water

Stiff upper lips and keeping up public appearances are not part of the Jewish mourning tradition. Several customary signs inform neighbors of their duty to begin caring for the mourners among them. Mourners pour out the water that had been stored in their homes, sending news of the loss flowing through the streets. More often, the water is poured down the drain. Death and water are linked in Samuel II 14:14, “for we shall surely die and be as water spilled.” Water is thought to act as a barrier against the spiritual forces that accompanied Death, and it was sometimes spilled alongside the body itself. Mineral water, carbonated water, and water that would be a financial loss if poured out are not spilled. This includes ice, bottled water, and water boiled for Shabbat This custom is not followed on Shabbat, Saturday night, or on Yom Tov - Jewish holidays. On the second days of Yom Tov, which are only celebrated outside of Israel, water may be poured out. Mourning customs are generally suspended on these days of communal joy. 

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